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Speciation analysis for trace levels of selenoproteins in cultured human cells

Abstract : A semi-quantitative method was developed for the non-targeted detection of trace levels of human selenoproteins in cytoplasmic cell extracts without the use of radioactive isotopes. The method was based on the direct detection of selenoproteins in iso-electrofocusing (IEF) electrophoretic strips by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP MS). The proteins were identified in the non-ablated parts of the gel corresponding to the LA-ICP MS peak apexes by electrospray Orbitrap MS/MS. The method allowed a high resolution of the selenoproteins (peak width 0.06pH unit) using 3-10 pI strips. The protein detection limits were down to 1ngmL-1 (as Se). The method was applied to the selenoprotein speciation in different human cell lines: Hek293 (kidney), HepG2 (liver), HaCaT (skin) and LNCaP (prostate). The principal proteins found included Selenoprotein 15 (Sep15), Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) and Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) and Thioredoxin reductase 1 (TRxR1) and Thioredoxin reductase 2 (TRxR2). Biological significance: Our paper presents the development of a semi-quantitative method for the non-targeted detection of trace levels of human selenoproteins in cytoplasmic cell extracts; it offers a first comprehensive screening of the entire biological selenoproteomes expressed in cell lines without the use of radioactive 75Se. The method was based on the direct detection of selenoproteins in iso-electrofocusing (IEF) electrophoretic strips by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP MS). The proteins were identified in the non-ablated parts of the gel corresponding to the LA-ICP MS peak apexes by electrospray Orbitrap MS/MS. The method allowed a high resolution of the selenoproteins (peak width 0.06pH unit) using 3-10 pI strips. The protein detection limits were down to 1ngmL-1 (as Se); by far the lowest ever reported. The method was applied to the selenoprotein speciation in different human cell lines: Hek293 (kidney), HepG2 (liver), HaCaT (skin) and LNCaP (prostate). The principal proteins found included Selenoprotein 15 (Sep15), Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) and Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) and Thioredoxin reductase 1 (TRxR1) and Thioredoxin reductase 2 (TRxR2). The IEF-LA-ICPMS indicates the presence of multiple forms of some selenoproteins which are for the moment impossible to distinguish because of the similarity of the bottom-up, proteomics data sets.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01505932
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 11, 2017 - 10:51:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 16, 2021 - 1:46:05 PM

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J. Bianga, Z. Touat-Hamici, Katarzyna Bierla, Sandra Mounicou, Joanna Szpunar, et al.. Speciation analysis for trace levels of selenoproteins in cultured human cells. Journal of Proteomics, Elsevier, 2014, 108, pp.316-324. ⟨10.1016/j.jprot.2014.05.025⟩. ⟨hal-01505932⟩

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