Class II 6.7 GHz Methanol Maser Association with Young Massive Cores Revealed by ALMA

Abstract : We explored the implication of the association (or lack of it) of 6.7 GHz class II methanol (CH3OH) masers with massive dense cores (MDCs) detected (within a sample of ATLASGAL selected infrared quiet massive clumps) at 0.9 mm with Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter array. We found 42 out of the 112 cores (37.5%) detected with the Atacama Compact Array (ACA) to be associated with 6.7 GHz CH3OH masers. The lowest mass core with CH3OH maser association is ∼ 12 {M}ȯ . The angular offsets of the ACA cores from the 6.7 GHz CH3OH maser peak positions range from 0.″17 to 4.″79, with a median value of 2.″19. We found a weak correlation between the 0.9 mm continuum (MDCs) peak fluxes and the peak fluxes of their associated methanol multibeam (MMB) 6.7 GHz CH3OH masers. About 90% of the cores associated with 6.7 GHz CH3OH masers have masses of >40 M ⊙. The CH3OH maser containing cores are candidates for embedded high-mass protostellar objects in their earliest evolutionary stages. With our ACA 0.9 continuum data compared with the MMB 6.7 GHz CH3OH maser survey, we have constrained the cores already housing massive protostars based on their association with the radiatively pumped 6.7 GHz CH3OH masers.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 3, 2017 - 12:02:00 PM
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James O. Chibueze, Timea Csengeri, Ken’ichi Tatematsu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Satoru Iguchi, et al.. Class II 6.7 GHz Methanol Maser Association with Young Massive Cores Revealed by ALMA. Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2017, 836 (1), 59. ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/59⟩. ⟨hal-01500456⟩



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