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Allosteric regulation of pentameric ligand-gated ion channels: An emerging mechanistic perspective

Abstract : Pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) play a central role in intercellular communications in the nervous system by converting the binding of a chemical messenger—a neurotransmitter—into an ion flux through the postsynaptic membrane. They are oligomeric assemblies that provide prototypical examples of allosterically regulated integral membrane proteins. Here, we present an overview of the most recent advances on the signal transduction mechanism based on the X-ray structures of both prokaryotic and invertebrate eukaryotic pLGICs and atomistic Molecular Dynamics simulations. The present results suggest that ion gating involves a large structural reorganization of the molecule mediated by two distinct quaternary transitions, a global twisting and the blooming of the extracellular domain, which can be modulated by ligand binding at the topographically distinct orthosteric and allosteric sites. The emerging model of gating is consistent with a wealth of functional studies and will boost the development of novel pharmacological strategies.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01498037
Contributor : Jérôme Hénin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 29, 2017 - 4:04:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 7, 2022 - 10:10:23 AM

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Antoine Taly, Jérôme Hénin, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Marco Cecchini. Allosteric regulation of pentameric ligand-gated ion channels: An emerging mechanistic perspective. Channels, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 8 (4), pp.350-360. ⟨10.4161/chan.29444⟩. ⟨hal-01498037⟩

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