Métropoles des pays émergents : des acteurs de la transition énergétique ? Leçons du Cap (Afrique du Sud)

Abstract : The role of cities, as places and drivers of the energy transition is increasingly recognized. The research project Termos tested the robustness of this assumption in four cities of emerging countries by asking two questions: to what extent do urban local actors really drive an urban energy transition and of what kind? To what extent are their actions supporting an urban territorialisation of energy systems? The paper first presents the findings of this comparative research, which he then extends with the case study of Cape Town. It analyzes why, despite their energy and environmental voluntarism, the municipality have little room of manoeuvre, while the changes observed seem to strengthen the stranglehold of the «central sphere» in the energy system. Analyzing this as the expres- sion of a conflict between a strong national electricity sector and an alternative approach to energy issues carried by urban actors, it highlights the resulting tensions and their impact on the municipal actions, both limited by resistance but also «swallowed up» by actors from the central sphere. The paper finally draws lessons from this example to enrich the general analysis of dynamics observed in other cities of emerging countries.
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Sylvy Jaglin. Métropoles des pays émergents : des acteurs de la transition énergétique ? Leçons du Cap (Afrique du Sud). Géographie, Économie, Société, Lavoisier, 2017, 19 (2), pp.243-265. ⟨10.3166/ges.19.2017.0012⟩. ⟨hal-01497585⟩

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