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Neutral community model explains the bacterial community assembly in freshwater lakes

Abstract : Over the past decade, neutral theory has gained attention and recognition for its capacity to explain bacterial community structure (BCS) in addition to deterministic processes. However, no clear consensus has been drawn so far on their relative importance. In a metacommunity analysis, we explored at the regional and local scale the effects of these processes on the bacterial community assembly within the water column of 49 freshwater lakes. The BCS was assessed using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) of the 16S rRNA genes. At the regional scales, results indicated that the neutral community model well predicted the spatial community structure (R(2) mean = 76%) compared with the deterministic factors - which explained only a small fraction of the BCS total variance (less than 14%). This suggests that the bacterial compartment was notably driven by stochastic processes, through loss and gain of taxa. At the local scale, the bacterial community appeared to be spatially structured by stochastic processes (R(2) mean = 65%) and temporally governed by the water temperature, a deterministic factor, even if some bacterial taxa were driven by neutral dynamics. Therefore, at both regional and local scales the neutral community model appeared to be relevant in explaining the bacterial assemblage structure.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 23, 2017 - 4:45:41 PM
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Adélaïde Roguet, Grégory Laigle, Claire Therial, Adèle Bressy, Frédéric Soulignac, et al.. Neutral community model explains the bacterial community assembly in freshwater lakes. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2015, 91 (11), pp.fiv125. ⟨10.1093/femsec/fiv125⟩. ⟨hal-01494602⟩

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