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How French Learners of Chinese L2 Express Motion Events in Narratives

Abstract : This work intervenes in the domains of second language acquisition. His objective is to understand how French-speaking students of Chinese express motion events while they are engaging in a verbally complex task. The procedure used is the analysis of an oral corpus comprised of the verbal production of advanced language learners (of Chinese as a foreign language) and of adult native Chinese and French speakers (Chinese and French mother tongue, the control groups). The discourse produced is a fiction story based on images and entitled " Frog, where are you? ". To achieve the goal of the study, we first identify the available linguistic means in both Chinese and French, and then study how the two groups of native speakers apply these means to solve the complex verbal task of this story. And then we compare those results with the learners' way to retell the story in Chinese L2. This analysis is carried out on three levels: the sentence level, the conceptual level, and the discursive level. The sentence level clearly shows that Chinese and French belong to two different types of languages in the Talmy's typology: Chinese speakers express Manner and Path in motion events (Satellite-Language) where French speakers only use Path (Verbe-Language). And we can see that L2 learners follow their mother tongue in the way they choose information to describe those particular events. The conceptual level shows what kind of spatial relations are actually expressed in the narratives (static or dynamic location and change of location). The L2 learners, as French native speakers, express static locations where Chinese native speakers use dynamic location and change of location for the same events of the story. The discursive level shows that the Chinese native speaker use a particular form to mark step by step the major locations where the principal character of the story is arriving to. This global organization is not present in the other groups. The way to introduce the new ground of dynamic predicates is also different between Chinese L1 on one side and French L1/L2 learners on the other side.
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Contributor : Arnaud Arslangul Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 6, 2017 - 5:03:30 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 5:06:19 AM

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Arnaud Arslangul. How French Learners of Chinese L2 Express Motion Events in Narratives. The EACS XIXth conference, Sep 2012, Paris, France. ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-10040-1_9⟩. ⟨hal-01492377⟩



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