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Impact of active transport and transpiration on nickel and cadmium accumulation in the leaves of the Ni-hyperaccumulator Leptoplax emarginata: a biophysical approach

Abstract : Aims The primary aim of this study was to investigate the impact of active nickel and cadmium transport, transpiration and shoot biomass production on Ni and Cd accumulation in the leaves of the Ni-hyperaccumulator Leptoplax emarginata. A secondary objective was to observe the effects of various concentrations of nickel and cadmium in solutions on the plant growth and ecophysiological characteristics of these plants. Finally, the study sought to identify possible nickel and cadmium concentration gradients in solution as a function of the root distance. Methods The Intact Plant Transpiration Stream Concentration Factor (TSCF=xylem/solution solute concentration ratio) was determined for both Ni and Cd and for the selected intact transpiring Ni-hyperaccumulator Leptoplax emarginata, cultivated on two contrasting fertilized and Ni-Cd-contaminated sandy porous media (rhizotrons with central root compartments, linked to Mariotte tubes operated at -1 kPa). IPTSCF(Ni) and IPTSCF(Cd) were calculated as the ratios between the hyperaccumulator plant's nickel or cadmium mass in the leaves and the nickel or cadmium concentration in solution by the volume of water transpired during the period of culture. Plant growth characteristics and gas exchanges were also recorded. Results IPTSCF values were much greater than 1 (IPTSCF(Ni) = 5.2 +/- 0.9 and IPTSCF(Cd) = 4.4 +/- 0.6) whatever the amount of available Ni and Cd. This characterized a predominantly active plant metal uptake. Moreover, biological regulation was reported: plant growth and transpiration were significantly lower for hyperaccumulator plants cultivated in sand which was rich in available Ni and Cd, than for hyperaccumulator plants cultivated in topsoil, poor in available Ni and Cd. In the soil rhizosphere, capillary flow was related to transpiration and a depletion pattern was developed for Ni and sometimes for Cd. Conclusions Overall, the Intact Plant Transpiration Stream Concentration Factor appeared to be a relevant metal bioconcentration factor taking into account the predominant type of metal transport from roots to leaves, plant growth and transpiration coupling and metal availability. IPTSCF(Ni) and IPTSCF(Cd) values were much greater than 1 and similar whatever the amount of available Ni and Cd. This characterized a predominantly active plant combining Ni and Cd uptake and biological regulations dependent of the Ni and Cd concentrations in solution.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 9, 2017 - 8:10:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 5, 2021 - 3:41:59 AM

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François Bartoli, David Coinchelin, Christophe Robin, Guillaume Echevarria. Impact of active transport and transpiration on nickel and cadmium accumulation in the leaves of the Ni-hyperaccumulator Leptoplax emarginata: a biophysical approach. Plant and Soil, Springer Verlag, 2012, 350 (1-2), pp.99-115. ⟨10.1007/s11104-011-0885-9⟩. ⟨hal-01486343⟩

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