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Genomic evaluation of regional dairy cattle breeds in single-breed and multibreed contexts

Abstract : An important prerequisite for high prediction accuracy in genomic prediction is the availability of a large training population, which allows accurate marker effect estimation. This requirement is not fulfilled in case of regional breeds with a limited number of breeding animals. We assessed the efficiency of the current French routine genomic evaluation procedure in four regional breeds (Abondance, Tarentaise, French Simmental and Vosgienne) as well as the potential benefits when the training populations consisting of males and females of these breeds are merged to form a multibreed training population. Genomic evaluation was 5–11% more accurate than a pedigree-based BLUP in three of the four breeds, while the numerically smallest breed showed a < 1% increase in accuracy. Multibreed genomic evaluation was beneficial for two breeds (Abondance and French Simmental) with maximum gains of 5 and 8% in correlation coefficients between yield deviations and genomic estimated breeding values, when compared to the single-breed genomic evaluation results. Inflation of genomic evaluation of young candidates was also reduced. Our results indicate that genomic selection can be effective in regional breeds as well. Here, we provide empirical evidence proving that genetic distance between breeds is only one of the factors affecting the efficiency of multibreed genomic evaluation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 7, 2017 - 8:28:16 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 16, 2020 - 6:56:04 PM





David Jonas, Vincent Ducrocq, S. Fritz, A. Baur, Marie Pierre Sanchez, et al.. Genomic evaluation of regional dairy cattle breeds in single-breed and multibreed contexts. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Wiley, 2017, 134 (1), pp.3-13. ⟨10.1111/jbg.12249⟩. ⟨hal-01484842⟩



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