Bayesian sparse solutions to linear inverse problems with non-stationary noise with Student-t priors

Abstract : Bayesian approach has become a commonly used method for inverse problems arising in signal and image processing. One of the main advantages of the Bayesian approach is the possibility to propose unsupervised methods where the likelihood and prior model parameters can be estimated jointly with the main unknowns. In this paper, we propose to consider linear inverse problems in which the noise may be non-stationary and where we are looking for a sparse solution. To consider both of these requirements, we propose to use Student-t prior model both for the noise of the forward model and the unknown signal or image. The main interest of the Student-t prior model is its Infinite Gaussian Scale Mixture (IGSM) property. Using the resulted hierarchical prior models we obtain a joint posterior probability distribution of the unknowns of interest (input signal or image) and their associated hidden variables. To be able to propose practical methods, we use either a Joint Maximum A Posteriori (JMAP) estimator or an appropriate Variational Bayesian Approximation (VBA) technique to compute the Posterior Mean (PM) values. The proposed method is applied in many inverse problems such as deconvolution, image restoration and computed tomography. In this paper, we show only some results in signal deconvolution and in periodic components determination of some biological signals related to dynamic circadian clock period determination for cancer studies.
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Contributor : Mircea Dumitru <>
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Ali Mohammad-Djafari, Mircea Dumitru. Bayesian sparse solutions to linear inverse problems with non-stationary noise with Student-t priors. Digital Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2015, 47, pp.128 - 156. ⟨10.1016/j.dsp.2015.08.005⟩. ⟨hal-01475262⟩



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