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Changes in Emotions from Childhood to Young Adulthood

Abstract : Emotional well-being is particularly impo rtant in teenagers and youngadults. Childhood and adolescence provide opportunities to develop the foundationsfor mental health and the school is an important mean that can enable it. It seemsimportant to examine the evolution and differences in positive and negative emotionsand experiences in adolescents and young adults in educational settings, which havereceived less interest in the literature. The main goal of this article (studies 2 and 3), is to explore the evolution and age and gender differences in children, adolescents andyoung adults and to assess on the short-term positive affects in the French schoolsystem. A second goal of this article is to assess the validity and reliability of the Scaleof Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE, Diener et al. 2010) in French in order toreach our main goal. The SPANE was translated and then evaluated in a sample of 1999students. Results show adequate psychometric properties of the French version. Theresults of the second and third studies show that positive emotions decline and negativeemotions increase and that women experience on average more negative emotions andless positive emotions than men. The overall results highlight the importance ofpromoting well-being during adolescence.
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Charles Martin-Krumm, Fabien Fenouillet, Antonia Csillik, Laurence Kern, Maud Besançon, et al.. Changes in Emotions from Childhood to Young Adulthood. Child Indicators Research, Springer Verlag, 2017, 11, pp.541-561. ⟨10.1007/s12187-016-9440-9⟩. ⟨hal-01470837⟩



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