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Enseignement du lexique à l'école primaire et modélisations linguistiques : exemples d'activités portant sur des verbes de déplacement strict

Abstract : This work deals with the articulation between linguistic modelling in semantics and data collected in classrooms of French primary school (9 to 12 year-old pupils), within the framework of a collaborative project. The protocol aims at assessing the effects of activities of verbs’ classification implemented as language training, on the variety and relevance of verbs’ uses when writing a story that involves "dynamic" location. The verbs under examination are intransitive or "indirect" transitive verbs of French referring to autonomous motions (i.e., non-caused motion; e.g., 'aller + Prep' (to go + Prep), 'arriver' (to arrive), 'entrer' (to go in, to enter), 'partir' (to go (away), to leave), 'se rendre' (to go to), 'sortir' (to go out)), for which a new semantic characterization has been proposed. The processes denoted by these verbs have a spatio-temporal structure that combines two concepts –change of placement and change of basic locative relation– and are distinctive for the initial or final "polarity" of the underlying change of (basic locative) relation, among other things. The verbs of strict motion thus defined differ from verbs of motion in the weak sense studied elsewhere, as their semantic content only includes a change of placement (e.g., 'foncer' (to tear along), 'grimper' (to climb), 'marcher' (to walk), 'reculer' (to (move) back)). After having described the data collection protocol and set out the linguistic modelling, the paper examines the results obtained for both sentence production and classification of strict motion verbs. The analysis allows us to highlight the difficulties related to the syntactic construction of specific verbs as well as the access to supposedly abstract concepts like polarity that are intuitively selected by students in their classifications.
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Michel Aurnague, Claudine Garcia-Debanc. Enseignement du lexique à l'école primaire et modélisations linguistiques : exemples d'activités portant sur des verbes de déplacement strict. Pratiques : linguistique, littérature, didactique, Centre de recherche sur les médiations (Crem) - Université de Lorraine 2016, Enseignement/apprentissage de la langue, des textes et des discours. 40 ans de pratiques, ⟨10.4000/pratiques.2990⟩. ⟨hal-01466620⟩

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