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Auditory orienting of attention: Effects of cues and verbal workload with children and adults.

Abstract : The use of tone cues has an improving effect on the auditory orienting of attention for children as for adults. Verbal cues, on the contrary, do not seem to orient attention as efficiently before the age of 9 years. However, several studies have reported inconsistent effects of orienting attention on ear asymmetries. Multiple factors are questioned, such as the role of verbal workload. Indeed, the semantic nature of the dichotic pairs and their load of processing may explain orienting of attention performance. Thus, by controlling for the role of verbal workload, the present experiment aimed to evaluate the development of capacities for the auditory orienting of attention. Right-handed, 6- to 12-year-olds and adults were recruited to complete either a tone cue or a verbal cue dichotic listening task in the identification of familiar words or nonsense words. A factorial design analysis of variance showed a significant right-ear advantage for all the participants and for all the types of stimuli. A major developmental effect was observed in which verbal cues played an important role: they allowed the 6- to 8-year-olds to improve their performance of identification in the left ear. These effects were taken as evidence of the implication of top-down processes in cognitive flexibility across development.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 10, 2017 - 12:47:05 PM
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Phelip Marion, Donnot Julien, Jacques Vauclair. Auditory orienting of attention: Effects of cues and verbal workload with children and adults.. Child Neuropsychology, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2016, ⟨10.1080/09297049.2015⟩. ⟨hal-01464606⟩



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