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Reactivity of alpha- and beta-Substituted α-Phenyl-N-tert-butyl Nitrones.

Abstract : In this work, a series of α-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrones bearing one, two, or three substituents on the tert-butyl group was synthesized. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) was used to investigate their electrochemical properties and showed a more pronounced substituent effect for oxidation than for reduction. Rate constants of superoxide radical (O2•–) reactions with nitrones were determined using a UV–vis stopped-flow method, and phenyl radical (Ph•) trapping rate constants were measured by EPR spectroscopy. The effect of N-tert-butyl substitution on the charge density and electron density localization of the nitronyl carbon as well as on the free energies of nitrone reactivity with O2•– and HO2• were computationally rationalized at the PCM/B3LYP/6-31+G**//B3LYP/6-31G* level of theory. Theoretical and experimental data showed that the rates of the reaction correlate with the nitronyl carbon charge density, suggesting a nucleophilic nature of O2•– and Ph• addition to the nitronyl carbon atom. Finally, the substituent effect was investigated in cell cultures exposed to hydrogen peroxide and a correlation between the cell viability and the oxidation potential of the nitrones was observed. Through a combination of computational methodologies and experimental methods, new insights into the reactivity of free radicals with nitrone derivatives have been proposed.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 22, 2016 - 3:42:50 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 7, 2022 - 1:57:50 PM

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Marie Rosselin, Fanny Choteau, Kamal Zéamari, Kevin M. Nash, Amlan Das, et al.. Reactivity of alpha- and beta-Substituted α-Phenyl-N-tert-butyl Nitrones.. Journal of Organic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2014, 79 (14), pp.6615--6626. ⟨10.1021/jo501121g⟩. ⟨hal-01336044⟩



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