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Solid-particle jet formation under shock-wave acceleration

Abstract : When solid particles are impulsively dispersed by a shock wave, they develop a spatial distribution which takes the form of particle jets whose selection mechanism is still unidentified. The aim of the present experimental work is to study particle dispersal with fingering effects in an original quasi-two-dimensional experiment facility in order to accurately extract information. Shock and blast waves are generated in the carrier gas at the center of a granular medium ring initially confined inside a Hele-Shaw cell and impulsively accelerated. With the present experimental setup, the particle jet formation is clearly observed. From fast flow visualizations, we notice, in all instances, that the jets are initially generated inside the particle ring and thereafter expelled outward. This point has not been observed in three-dimensional experiments. We highlight that the number of jets is unsteady and decreases with time. For a fixed configuration, considering the very early times following the initial acceleration, the jet size selection is independent of the particle diameter. Moreover, the influence of the initial overpressure and the material density on the particle jet formation have been studied. It is shown that the wave number of particle jets increases with the overpressure and with the decrease of the material density. The normalized number of jets as a function of the initial ring acceleration shows a power law valid for all studied configurations involving various initial pressure ratios, particle sizes, and particle materials.
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Contributor : Olivier Pouliquen <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 7, 2017 - 12:16:55 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 10:29:59 AM




V. Rodriguez, R. Saurel, G. Jourdan, L. Houas. Solid-particle jet formation under shock-wave acceleration. Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2013, 88 (6), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.88.063011⟩. ⟨hal-01459462⟩



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