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The small G-protein MglA connects to the MreB actin cytoskeleton at bacterial focal adhesions

Abstract : In Myxococcus xanthus the gliding motility machinery is assembled at the leading cell pole to form focal adhesions, translocated rearward to propel the cell, and disassembled at the lagging pole. We show that MgIA, a Ras-like small G-protein, is an integral part of this machinery. In this function, MglA stimulates the assembly of the motility complex by directly connecting it to the MreB actin cytoskeleton. Because the nucleotide state of MglA is regulated spatially and MglA only binds MreB in the guanosine triphosphate bound form, the motility complexes are assembled at the leading pole and dispersed at the lagging pole where the guanosine triphosphatase activating protein MgIB disrupts the MgIA MreB interaction. Thus, MglA acts as a nucleotide-dependent molecular switch to regulate the motility machinery spatially. The function of MreB in motility is independent of its function in peptidoglycan synthesis, representing a coopted function. Our findings highlight a new function for the MreB cytoskeleton and suggest that G-protein cytoskeleton interactions are a universally conserved feature.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 1, 2017 - 3:55:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 5:06:21 PM

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Anke Treuner-Lange, Eric Macia, Mathilde Guzzo, Edina Hot, Laura M. Faure, et al.. The small G-protein MglA connects to the MreB actin cytoskeleton at bacterial focal adhesions. Journal of Cell Biology, Rockefeller University Press, 2015, 210 (2), pp.243--256. ⟨10.1083/jcb.201412047⟩. ⟨hal-01452062⟩



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