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Synthesis of Bulk BC8 Silicon Allotrope by Direct Transformation and Reduced-Pressure Chemical Pathways

Abstract : Phase-pure samples of a metastable allotrope of silicon, Si-III or BC8, were synthesized by direct elemental transformation at 14 GPa and similar to 900 K and also at significantly reduced pressure in the Na-Si system at 9.5 GPa by quenching from high temperatures similar to 1000 K. Pure sintered polycrystalline ingots with dimensions ranging from 0.5 to 2 mm can be easily recovered at ambient conditions. The chemical route also allowed us to decrease the synthetic pressures to as low as 7 GPa, while pressures required for direct phase transition in elemental silicon are significantly higher. In situ control of the synthetic protocol, using synchrotron radiation, allowed us to observe the underlying mechanism of chemical interactions and phase transformations in the Na-Si system. Detailed characterization of Si-III using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, Si-29 NMR spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy are discussed. These large-volume syntheses at significantly reduced pressures extend the range of possible future bulk characterization methods and applications.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 31, 2017 - 2:47:37 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 3:45:00 PM

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Oleksandr O. Kurakevych, Yann Le Godec, Wilson A. Crichton, Jérémy Guignard, Timothy A. Strobel, et al.. Synthesis of Bulk BC8 Silicon Allotrope by Direct Transformation and Reduced-Pressure Chemical Pathways. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2016, 55 (17), pp.8943-8950. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01443⟩. ⟨hal-01450924⟩

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