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Measurement of the atmospheric muon flux with a 4 GeV threshold in the ANTARES neutrino telescope

J. A. Aguilar Imen Al Samarai 1 A. Albert 2 M. Anghinolfi G. Anton 3 S. Anvar 4 M. Ardid 5 A. C. Assis Jesus T. Astraatmadja 6 J. -J. Aubert 1 R. Auer 3 B. Baret 7 S. Basa 8 M. Bazzotti 9 V. Bertin 1 S. Biagi 9 C. Bigongiari 10 M. Bou-Cabo 5 M. C. Bouwhuis A. Brown 1 J. Brunner 1 J. Busto 1 F. Camarena 5 A. Capone 11 C. Cârloganu 12 G. Carminati 9 J. Carr 1 E. Castorina 9 V. Cavasinni 9 S. Cecchini 13 Ph. Charvis 14 T. Chiarusi N. Chon Sen M. Circella R. Coniglione 15 H. Costantini N. Cottini 4 P. Coyle 1 C. Curtil 1 G. de Bonis 11 M. P. Decowski I. Dekeyser 16 A. Deschamps 17 C. Distefano C. Donzaud 7, 18 D. Dornic 1 D. Drouhin 2 T. Eberl 3 U. Emanuele 10 J.-P. Ernenwein 1 S. Escoffier 1 F. Fehr 3 V. Flaminio 9 K. Fratini 9 U. Fritsch 3 J. -L. Fuda P. Gay 12 G. Giacomelli 13 J. P. Gomez-Gonzalez K. Graf 3 G. Guillard 19 G. Halladjian 1 G. Hallewell 1 H. Haren A. J. Heijboer Y. Hello 14 J. J. Hernandez-Rey B. Herold 3 J. Hoessl M. Jong N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki 20 O. Kalekin 3 A. Kappes 21 U. Katz 3 P. Kooijman 6, 22, 23 C. Kopper 3 A. Kouchner 7 W. Kretschmer 3 R. Lahmann 3 P. Lamare 4 G. Lambard 1 G. Larosa 5 H. Laschinsky 3 Dominique Lefèvre 16 G. Lelaizant 1 G. Lim 6, 23 D. Lo Presti 24 H. Loehner 20 S. Loucatos 4 F. Lucarelli 11 S. Mangano 10 M. Marcelin 8 A. Margiotta 9 J. A. Martinez-Mora A. Mazure 8 T. Montaruli 21 M. Morganti 9 L. Moscoso 7, 4 H. Motz 3 C. Naumann 4 M. Neff 3 R. Ostasch 3 G. Palioselitis G. E. Pavalas P. Payre 1 J. Petrovic 25 P. Piattelli N. Picot-Clemente 1 C. Picq 4 R. Pillet 14 V. Popa 26 T. Pradier 19 E. Presani 6 C. Racca 2 A. Radu 6 C. Reed 6, 1 C. Richardt 3 M. Rujoiu 27 V. Russo F. Salesa 10 P. Sapienza 15 F. Schoeck J. -P. Schuller R. Shanidze 3 F. Simeone M. Spurio 9 J. J. M. Steijger Th. Stolarczyk 4 Christian Tamburini 16 L. Tasca 8 S. Toscano 10 B. Vallage 4 V. van Elewyck 28 M. Vecchi 11 P. Vernin 4 G. Wijnker 6 E. Wolf H. Yepes 10 D. Zaborov 29 J. D. Zornoza J. Zúñiga 10
Abstract : A new method for the measurement of the muon flux in the deep-sea ANTARES neutrino telescope and its dependence on the depth is presented. The method is based oil the observation of coincidence signals in adjacent storeys of the detector. This yields an energy threshold of about 4 GeV. The main sources of optical background are the decay of K-40 and the bioluminescence in the sea water. The K-40 background is used to calibrate the efficiency of the photo-multiplier tubes. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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J. A. Aguilar, Imen Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, et al.. Measurement of the atmospheric muon flux with a 4 GeV threshold in the ANTARES neutrino telescope. Astroparticle Physics, Elsevier, 2010, 33 (2), pp.86--90. ⟨10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-01441853⟩

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