Delineation of heavy metal contamination pathways (seawater, food and sediment) in tropical oysters from New Caledonia using radiotracer techniques

Abstract : Bioaccumulation of Ag, Cd, Co, Cr and Zn was studied in the oysters Isognomon isognomon and Malleus regula, using highly sensitive radiotracer techniques. Metals were readily bioconcentrated from the dissolved phase. Sediment exposures indicated a low bioavailability of sediment-bound metals (3-5 orders of magnitude lower than dissolved metals). In both seawater and sediment experiments, the two oysters displayed similar bioaccumulation behaviour towards all metals but Ag. Indeed, Ag was much more efficiently incorporated and retained in I. isognomon. Metals ingested with food (phytoplankton) were efficiently assimilated (34-77%) and strongly retained in oyster tissues (T-b1/2 >= 20 d). Estimation of the relative contribution of each exposure pathway indicated that for both species sediment was the dominant pathway for Co and Cd, whereas food was the major source of Zn. Regarding Ag, seawater was the main source for I. isognomon (86%), whereas sediment was the predominant route for M. regula (92%).
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Laetitia Hedouin, Marc Metian, Jean-Louis Teyssie, Renaud Fichez, Michel Warnau. Delineation of heavy metal contamination pathways (seawater, food and sediment) in tropical oysters from New Caledonia using radiotracer techniques. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Elsevier, 2010, 61, pp.542-553. ⟨10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.06.037⟩. ⟨hal-01438786⟩

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