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# The emergence of explicit knowledge from implicit learning

Abstract : Substantial evidence has highlighted the ability of observers to incidentally extract statistical contingencies present in visual environments. This study examined whether the knowledge extracted regarding statistical contingencies is unconscious initially, even when it becomes fully accessible to conscious awareness after extensive training. Using a typical'' contextual cuing procedure adapted to real-world scenes, we first observed that, after extensive training in searching for a target within repeated scenes, knowledge about regularities was associated with conscious awareness (Experiment 1). However, both subjective and objective measures of consciousness revealed that in the early phase of training, learning of regular structures first takes place at an unconscious level (Experiments 2 and 3). These results are discussed in the light of the causal relationships between learning and consciousness.
Document type :
Journal articles
Domain :

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01432458
Contributor : Jean-Baptiste Melmi Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 11, 2017 - 5:00:04 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:58:52 PM

### Citation

Annabelle Goujon, André Didierjean, Sarah Poulet. The emergence of explicit knowledge from implicit learning. Memory and Cognition, Springer Verlag, 2014, 42 (2), pp.225-236. ⟨10.3758/s13421-013-0355-0⟩. ⟨hal-01432458⟩

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