Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Does Verbal Labeling Influence Age Differences in Proactive and Reactive Cognitive Control?

Abstract : The main goal of this study was to examine whether different types of verbal labeling can influence age-related changes in the dynamic control of behavior by inducing either a proactive or reactive mode of control. Proactive control is characterized by a strong engagement in maintaining task-relevant information to be optimally prepared while reactive control is characterized by a reactivation of task-related information during responding. To investigate dynamic shifts between these control modes, we applied the AX-Continuous-Performance-Task in 2 experiments that differed in the complexity of stimuli and types of labeling in children (range = 7-10 years), younger (range = 19-33 years), and older adults (range = 69-83 years). We expected that labeling the cue information would promote a shift from a reactive to a proactive control mode primarily in children and older adults, while labeling the probe information would result in a shift from a proactive to a reactive control mode primarily in younger adults. Results of both experiments indicated that children, younger, and older adults were equally engaged in cue processing and performed the task in a proactive manner. While cue labeling did not further promote performing the task proactively, probe labeling induced a shift to a reactive control mode, especially in children. In the first experiment, including younger children than in the second experiment, children had more problems than adults to reactivate cue information to overcome a strong response tendency. These findings support the view that verbal labeling can influence the regulation of behavior by selectively attracting attention to relevant information in a given task.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01432339
Contributor : Jean-Baptiste Melmi Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 11, 2017 - 4:35:20 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:58:52 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Jutta Kray, Hannah Schmitt, Sonja Heintz, Agnès Blaye. Does Verbal Labeling Influence Age Differences in Proactive and Reactive Cognitive Control?. Developmental Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2015, 51 (3), pp.378-391. ⟨10.1037/a0038795⟩. ⟨hal-01432339⟩

Share

Metrics

Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles