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Validation of pore network simulations of ex-situ water distributions in a gas diffusion layer of proton exchange membrane fuel cells with X-ray tomographic images

Abstract : Understanding and modeling two-phase flows in the gas diffusion layer (GDL) of proton exchange membrane fuel cells are important in order to improve fuel cells performance. They are scientifically challenging because of the peculiarities of GDLs microstructures. In the present work, simulations on a pore network model are compared to X-ray tomographic images of water distributions during an ex-situ water invasion experiment. A method based on watershed segmentation was developed to extract a pore network from the 3D segmented image of the dry GDL. Pore network modeling and a full morphology model were then used to perform two-phase simulations and compared to the experimental data. The results show good agreement between experimental and simulated microscopic water distributions. Pore network extraction parameters were also benchmarked using the experimental data and results from full morphology simulations.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01426304
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 4, 2017 - 1:09:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 4, 2021 - 3:41:00 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 5, 2017 - 1:57:45 PM

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Tristan Agaesse, Adrien Lamibrac, Felix N. Büchi, Joël Pauchet, Marc Prat. Validation of pore network simulations of ex-situ water distributions in a gas diffusion layer of proton exchange membrane fuel cells with X-ray tomographic images. Journal of Power Sources, Elsevier, 2016, vol. 331, pp. 462-474. ⟨10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.09.076⟩. ⟨hal-01426304⟩

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