Cerium dioxide nanoparticles affect in vitro fertilization in mice

Abstract : Due to their catalytic and oxidative properties, cerium dioxide nanoparticles (CeO(2)NPs) are widely used as diesel additive or as promising therapy in cancerology; yet, scarce data are available on their toxicity, and none on their reproductive toxicity. We showed a significant decrease of fertilization rate, assessed on 1272 oocytes, during in vitro fertilization (IVF) carried out in culture medium containing CeO2NP at very low concentration (0.01mg.l(-1)). We also showed significant DNA damage induced in vitro by CeO2NP on mouse spermatozoa and oocytes at 0.01mg.l(-1) using Comet assay. Transmission Electron Microscopy did not detect any nanoparticles in the IVF samples at 0.01mg.l(-1), but showed, at high concentration (100mg.l(-1)), their endocytosis by the cumulus cells surrounding oocytes and their accumulation along spermatozoa plasma membranes and oocytes zona pellucida. We did not observe any nanoparticles in the cytoplasm of spermatozoa, oocytes or embryos. This study demonstrates for the first time the impact of CeO2NP on in vitro fertilization, as well as their genotoxicity on mouse spermatozoa and oocytes, at low nanoparticle concentration exposure. Decreased fertilization rates may result from: (1) CeO2NP's genotoxicity on gametes; (2) a mechanical effect, disrupting gamete interaction and (3) oxidative stress induced by CeO2NP. These results add new and important insights with regard to the reproductive toxicity of nanomaterials requesting urgent evaluation, and support several publications on metal nanoparticles reprotoxicity. Our data highlight the need for in vivo studies after low-dose exposure.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 4, 2017 - 11:20:13 AM
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Lise Preaubert, Blandine Courbiere, Vincent Achard, Virginie Tassistro, Fanny Greco, et al.. Cerium dioxide nanoparticles affect in vitro fertilization in mice. Nanotoxicology, Taylor & Francis, 2016, 10 (1), pp.111-117. ⟨10.3109/17435390.2015.1030792⟩. ⟨hal-01426090⟩



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