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Nonlinear scattering of atomic bright solitons in disorder

Abstract : We observe nonlinear scattering of 39 K atomic bright solitons launched in a one-dimensional (1D) speckle disorder. We directly compare it with the scattering of non-interacting particles in the same disorder. The atoms in the soliton tend to be collectively either reflected or transmitted, in contrast with the behavior of independent particles, thus demonstrating a clear nonlinear effect in scattering. The observed strong fluctuations in the reflected fraction, between zero and 100%, are interpreted as a consequence of the strong sensitivity of the system to the experimental conditions and in particular to the soliton velocity. This behavior is reproduced in a mean-field framework by Gross-Pitaevskii simulations, and mesoscopic quantum superpositions of the soliton being fully reflected and fully transmitted are not expected for our parameters. We discuss the conditions for observing such superpositions, which would find applications in atom interferometry beyond the standard quantum limit.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01424619
Contributor : Thomas Bourdel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 2, 2017 - 3:35:30 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 10:22:53 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 4, 2017 - 12:50:18 AM

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A Boissé, Gwenaël Berthet, L Fouché, G Salomon, Alain Aspect, et al.. Nonlinear scattering of atomic bright solitons in disorder. EPL - Europhysics Letters, European Physical Society/EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/IOP Publishing, 2017, 117 (1), pp.10007. ⟨10.1209/0295-5075/117/10007⟩. ⟨hal-01424619v1⟩

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