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Smoothed Biasing Forces Yield Unbiased Free Energies with the Extended-System Adaptive Biasing Force Method

Abstract : We report a theoretical description and numerical tests of the extended-system adaptive biasing force method (eABF), together with an unbiased estimator of the free energy surface from eABF dynamics. Whereas the original ABF approach uses its running estimate of the free energy gradient as the adaptive biasing force, eABF is built on the idea that the exact free energy gradient is not necessary for efficient exploration, and that it is still possible to recover the exact free energy separately with an appropriate estimator. eABF does not directly bias the collective coordinates of interest, but rather fictitious variables that are harmonically coupled to them; therefore is does not require second derivative estimates, making it easily applicable to a wider range of problems than ABF. Furthermore, the extended variables present a smoother, coarse-grain-like sampling problem on a mollified free energy surface, leading to faster exploration and convergence. We also introduce CZAR, a simple, unbiased free energy estimator from eABF trajectories. eABF/CZAR converges to the physical free energy surface faster than standard ABF for a wide range of parameters.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01423958
Contributor : Gabriel Stoltz Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, January 1, 2017 - 2:25:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 8, 2022 - 10:04:34 AM

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Adrien Lesage, Tony Lelièvre, Gabriel Stoltz, Jérôme Hénin. Smoothed Biasing Forces Yield Unbiased Free Energies with the Extended-System Adaptive Biasing Force Method. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, American Chemical Society, 2016, 121 (15), pp.3676-3685. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpcb.6b10055⟩. ⟨hal-01423958⟩

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