Photobleaching as a tool to measure the local strain field in fibrous membranes of connective tissues

Abstract : Connective tissues are complex structures which contain collagen and elastin fibers. These fiber-based structures have a great influence on material mechanical properties and need to be studied at the microscopic scale. Several microscopy techniques have been developed in order to image such microstructures; among them are two-photon excited fluorescence microscopy and second harmonic generation. These observations have been coupled with mechanical characterization to link microstructural kinematics to macroscopic material parameter evolution. In this study, we present a new approach to measure local strain in soft biological tissues using a side-effect of fluorescence microscopy: photobleaching. Controlling the loss of fluorescence induced by photobleaching, we create a pattern on our sample that we can monitor during mechanical loading. The image analysis allows three-dimensional displacements of the patterns at various loading levels to be computed. Then, local strain distribution is derived using the finite element discretization on a four-node element mesh created from our photobleached pattern. Photobleaching tests on a human liver capsule have revealed that this technique is non-destructive and does not have any impact on mechanical properties. This method is likely to have other applications in biological material studies, considering that all collagen–elastin fiber-based biological tissues possess autofluorescence properties and thus can be photobleached.
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Acta Biomaterialia, Elsevier, 2014, 10 (6), pp.2591 - 2601. 〈10.1016/j.actbio.2014.02.031〉
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Dernière modification le : mercredi 4 octobre 2017 - 14:58:03

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Charles Jayyosi, Guillaume Fargier, Michel Coret, Karine Bruyère-Garnier. Photobleaching as a tool to measure the local strain field in fibrous membranes of connective tissues. Acta Biomaterialia, Elsevier, 2014, 10 (6), pp.2591 - 2601. 〈10.1016/j.actbio.2014.02.031〉. 〈hal-01546501〉

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