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Rapport au savoir, besoin de croire et illusions de certitudes. De quelques caractéristiques hypermodernes

Françoise Hatchuel 1
1 CREF: Équipe Savoir, Rapport au savoir et Processus de transmission
CREF - Centre de recherches éducation et formation
Abstract : Through an analysis of the psychol ogical foundations of faith and the quest for knowledge, the paper shows how the belief, which comes first, is what anchors the child’s sense of being and how the quest to know will begin with its “collapse”. The concept of “symbolic points of certainty” (Piera Aulagnier), that is to say, the idea that some elements are certain because the social structure ensures them, helps to show how, in “traditional” societies, subjective integration is ensured by the group, especially through the filiation’s institution and the ritualized way to adulthood. Whereas in our hypermodern society, the loss of this benefit grows a search for “proof”, which must be continuously exercised. This scientific illusion leads to more fragile subjectivities, increasing the risk of mastery.
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Françoise Hatchuel. Rapport au savoir, besoin de croire et illusions de certitudes. De quelques caractéristiques hypermodernes. Nouvelle revue de psychosociologie, Erès, 2013, Croyance et persuasion (16), pp.113--125. ⟨hal-01410897⟩



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