Asymptotic neutron scattering laws for anomalously diffusing quantum particles

Abstract : The paper deals with a model-free approach to the analysis of quasielastic neutron scattering intensities from anomalously diffusing quantum particles. All quantities are inferred from the asymptotic form of their time-dependent mean square displacements which grow ∝t α, with 0 ≤ α < 2. Confined diffusion (α = 0) is here explicitly included. We discuss in particular the intermediate scattering function for long times and the Fourier spectrum of the velocity autocorrelation function for small frequencies. Quantum effects enter in both cases through the general symmetry properties of quantum time correlation functions. It is shown that the fractional diffusion constant can be expressed by a Green-Kubo type relation involving the real part of the velocity autocorrelation function. The theory is exact in the diffusive regime and at moderate momentum transfers.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 2, 2016 - 4:53:13 PM
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Gerald R. Kneller. Asymptotic neutron scattering laws for anomalously diffusing quantum particles. Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2016, 145 (4), pp.044103. ⟨10.1063/1.4959124⟩. ⟨hal-01407912⟩



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