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Enhanced Olivine Carbonation within a Basalt as compared to single-phase experiments: reevaluating the Potential of CO2 Mineral Sequestration

Abstract : Batch experiments were conducted in water at 150 °C and PCO2 = 280 bar on a Mg-rich tholeiitic basalt (9.3 wt % MgO and 12.2 wt % CaO) composed of olivine, Ti-magnetite, plagioclase, and clinopyroxene. After 45 days of reaction, 56 wt % of the initial MgO had reacted with CO2 to form Fe-bearing magnesite, (Mg0.8Fe0.2)CO3, along with minor calcium carbonates. The substantial decrease in olivine content upon carbonation supports the idea that ferroan magnesite formation mainly follows from olivine dissolution. In contrast, in experiments performed under similar run durations and P/T conditions with a San Carlos olivine separate (47.8 wt % MgO) of similar grain size, only 5 wt % of the initial MgO content reacted to form Fe-bearing magnesite. The overall carbonation kinetics of the basalt was enhanced by a factor of ca. 40. This could be explained by differences in the chemical and textural properties of the secondary silica layer that covers reacted olivine grains in both types of sample. Consequently, laboratory data obtained on olivine separates might yield a conservative estimate of the true carbonation potential of olivine-bearing basaltic rocks
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01403970
Contributor : Marie José Queyroy <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 28, 2016 - 11:12:18 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:42:54 AM

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Olivier Sissmann, Fabrice Brunet, Isabelle Martinez, François Guyot, Anne Verlaguet, et al.. Enhanced Olivine Carbonation within a Basalt as compared to single-phase experiments: reevaluating the Potential of CO2 Mineral Sequestration. Environmental Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, 2014, 48 (10), pp.5512-5519. ⟨10.1021/es405508a⟩. ⟨hal-01403970⟩

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