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Tracking of electrochemical impedance of batteries

Abstract : This paper presents an evolutionary battery impedance estimation method, which can be easily embedded in vehicles or nomad devices. The proposed method not only allows an accurate frequency impedance estimation, but also a tracking of its temporal evolution contrary to classical electrochemical impedance spectroscopy methods. Taking into account constraints of cost and complexity, we propose to use the existing electronics of current control to perform a frequency evolutionary estimation of the electrochemical impedance. The developed method uses a simple wideband input signal, and relies on a recursive local average of Fourier transforms. The averaging is controlled by a single parameter, managing a trade-off between tracking and estimation performance. This normalized parameter allows to correctly adapt the behavior of the proposed estimator to the variations of the impedance. The advantage of the proposed method is twofold: the method is easy to embed into a simple electronic circuit, and the battery impedance estimator is evolutionary. The ability of the method to monitor the impedance over time is demonstrated on a simulator, and on a real Lithium ion battery, on which a repeatability study is carried out. The experiments reveal good tracking results, and estimation performance as accurate as the usual laboratory approaches.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01402842
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 29, 2016 - 2:53:51 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 9:42:26 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 21, 2017 - 1:58:37 PM

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H Piret, Pierre Granjon, N Guillet, V Cattin. Tracking of electrochemical impedance of batteries. Journal of Power Sources, Elsevier, 2016, 312, pp.60 - 69. ⟨10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.02.006⟩. ⟨hal-01402842⟩

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