The influence of the level of definition of functional specifications on the environmental performances of a complex system. EcoCSP approach

Abstract : The tendency towards a homogenous mode of development modelled on that of Western countries means that sustainable development has become increasingly urgent. It is necessary to thoroughly redefine products and their expected performances in such a way that the consequences are compatible with sustainable development. In the domain of product design, this means that it is no longer sufficient to use assessment tools “after the fact” to check the impact of products whose functional unit (FU) was defined prior to production; it is now necessary to rethink the definition of the FU itself. This article aims to present an approach based on a combination of life cycle analysis methods and problem-solving by constraint satisfaction. This original approach makes it possible to vary the design of the different dimensions of the FUs of a complex system and thus to make it easier to identify the best architecture along with the best functional definition of the system. In this study, the EcoCSP approach is applied to define the functional performances of an ecological passenger ferry. The complexity of couplings between subsystems and the sheer number of those subsystems mean that the designer has to use “intelligent” tools. These simulate a great number of scenarios and help him/her to fine-tune the system and make the right technological choices with regard to the right functional specifications.
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Nicolas Tchertchian, Dominique Millet, Pierre Alain Yvars. The influence of the level of definition of functional specifications on the environmental performances of a complex system. EcoCSP approach. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, Taylor & Francis, 2016, 9 (4), pp.277 - 290. ⟨10.1080/19397038.2015.1085110⟩. ⟨hal-01401947⟩

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