The anatomy of the Orion B Giant Molecular Cloud: A local template for studies of nearby galaxies

Abstract : We aim to develop the Orion B Giant Molecular Cloud (GMC) as a local template for interpreting extra-galactic molecular line observations. We use the wide-band receiver at the IRAM-30m to spatially and spectrally resolve the Orion B GMC. The observations cover almost 1 square degree at 26" resolution with a bandwidth of 32 GHz from 84 to 116 GHz in only two tunings. Among the mapped spectral lines are the 12CO, 13CO, C18O, C17O, HCN, HNC, 12CN, CCH, HCO+, N2H+ (1-0), and 12CS, 32SO, SiO, c-C3H2, CH3OH (2-1) transitions. We introduce the molecular anatomy of the Orion B GMC, including relations between line intensities and gas column density or far-UV radiation fields, and correlations between selected line and line ratios. We also obtain a dust-traced gas mass that is less than about one third the CO-traced mass, using the standard Xco conversion factor. The presence of overluminous CO can be traced back to the dependence of the CO intensity on UV illumination. In fact, while most lines show some dependence on the UV radiation field, CN and CCH are the most sensitive. Moreover dense cloud cores are almost exclusively traced by N2H+. Other traditional high density tracers, such as HCN (1-0), are also easily detected in extended translucent regions at a typical density of about 500 H2 cm-3. In general, we find no straightforward relation between line critical density and the fraction of the line luminosity coming from dense gas regions. Our initial findings demonstrate that the relations between line (ratio) intensities and environment in GMCs are more complicated than often assumed. Sensitivity (i.e., the molecular column density), excitation, and above all chemistry contribute to the observed line intensity distributions. They must be considered together when developing the next generation of extra-galactic molecular line diagnostics of mass, density, temperature and radiation field.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2016, Accepted for publication in A&A. 2016
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01400616
Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : mardi 22 novembre 2016 - 11:27:43
Dernière modification le : lundi 29 mai 2017 - 14:29:49

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L3AB | LUTH | LERMA | OBSPM | UPMC | INSU | PSL | USPC

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Jérôme Pety, Viviana V. Guzmán, Jan H. Orkisz, Harvey S. Liszt, Maryvonne Gerin, et al.. The anatomy of the Orion B Giant Molecular Cloud: A local template for studies of nearby galaxies. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2016, Accepted for publication in A&A. 2016. <hal-01400616>

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