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Stable Perfectly Matched Layers for a Cold Plasma in a Strong Background Magnetic Field

Eliane Bécache 1 Patrick Joly 1 Maryna Kachanovska 1
1 POEMS - Propagation des Ondes : Étude Mathématique et Simulation
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7231, UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées, Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : This work addresses the question of the construction of stable perfectly matched layers (PML) for a cold plasma in the infinitely large background magnetic field. We demonstrate that the traditional, Bérenger's perfectly matched layers are unstable when applied to this model, due to the presence of the backward propagating waves. To overcome this instability, we use a combination of two techniques presented in the article. First of all, we consider a simplified 2D model, which incorporates some of the difficulties of the 3D case, namely, the presence of the backward propagating waves. Based on the fact that for a fixed frequency either forward or backward propagating waves are present, we stabilize the PML with the help of a frequency-dependent correction. An extra difficulty of the 3D model compared to the 2D case is the presence of both forward and backward waves for a fixed frequency. To overcome this problem we construct a system of equations that consists of two independent systems, which are equivalent to the original model. The first of the systems behaves like the 2D plasma model, and hence the frequency-dependent correction is added to the PML for the stabilization. The second system resembles the Maxwell equations in vacuum, and hence a standard Bérenger's PML is stable for it. The systems are solved inside the perfectly matched layer, and coupled to the original Maxwell equations, which are solved in a physical domain, on a discrete level through an artificial layer. The numerical experiments confirm the stability of the new technique.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 10:13:05 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 10:48:03 AM
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Eliane Bécache, Patrick Joly, Maryna Kachanovska. Stable Perfectly Matched Layers for a Cold Plasma in a Strong Background Magnetic Field . Journal of Computational Physics, Elsevier, 2017, 341, pp.76-101. ⟨10.1016/⟩. ⟨hal-01397581⟩



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