Elastodynamic cloaking and field enhancement for soft spheres

Andre Diatta 1 Sebastien Guenneau 1
Abstract : We propose a spherical cloak described by a non-singular asymmetric elasticity tensor $\mathbb{C}$ depending upon a small parameter $\eta,$ that defines the softness of a region one would like to conceal from elastodynamic waves. By varying η, we generate a class of soft spheres dressed by elastodynamic cloaks, which are shown to considerably reduce the scattering of the soft spheres. Importantly, such cloaks also provide some wave protection except for a countable set of frequencies, for which some large elastic field enhancement can be observed within the soft spheres. Through an investigation of trapped modes in elasticity, we supply a good approximation of such Mie-type resonances by some transcendental equation. Our results, unlike previous studies that focused merely on the invisibility aspects, shed light on potential pitfalls of elastodynamic cloaks for earthquake protection designed via geometric transforms: a seismic cloak needs to be designed in such a way that its inner resonances differ from eigenfrequencies of the building one wishes to protect. In order to circumvent this downfall of field enhancement inside the cloaked area, we introduce a novel generation of cloaks, named here, mixed cloaks. Such mixed cloaks consist of a shell that detours incoming waves, hence creating an invisibility region, and of a perfectly matched layer (PML, located at the inner boundary of the cloaks) that absorbs residual wave energy in such a way that aforementioned resonances in the soft sphere are strongly attenuated. The designs of mixed cloaks with a non-singular elasticity tensor combined with an inner PML and non-vanishing density bring seismic cloaks one step closer to a practical implementation. Note in passing that the concept of mixed cloaks also applies in the case of singular cloaks and can be translated in other wave areas for a similar purpose (i.e. to smear down inner resonances within the invisibility region).
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Contributor : Sébastien Guenneau <>
Submitted on : Sunday, November 13, 2016 - 6:40:52 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 4, 2019 - 2:04:25 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01396051, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1410.7334



Andre Diatta, Sebastien Guenneau. Elastodynamic cloaking and field enhancement for soft spheres. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, IOP Publishing, 2016, 49, pp.445101. ⟨http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0022-3727/49/44/445101/pdf⟩. ⟨hal-01396051⟩



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