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Numerical approximation of the 3d hydrostatic Navier-Stokes system with free surface

Abstract : In this paper we propose a stable and robust strategy to approximate the 3d incompressible hydrostatic Euler and Navier-Stokes systems with free surface. Compared to shallow water approximation of the Navier-Stokes system, the idea is to use a Galerkin type approximation of the velocity field with piecewise constant basis functions in order to obtain an accurate description of the vertical profile of the horizontal velocity. Such a strategy has several advantages. It allows - to rewrite the Navier-Stokes equations under the form of a system of conservation laws with source terms, - the easy handling of the free surface, which does not require moving meshes, - the possibility to take advantage of robust and accurate numerical techniques developed in extensive amount for Shallow Water type systems. Compared to previous works of some of the authors, the three dimensional case is studied in this paper. We show that the model admits a kinetic interpretation including the vertical exchanges terms, and we use this result to formulate a robust finite volume scheme for its numerical approximation. All the aspects of the discrete scheme (fluxes, boundary conditions,. . . ) are completely described and the stability properties of the proposed numerical scheme (well-balancing, positivity of the water depth,. . . ) are discussed. We validate the model and the discrete scheme with some numerical academic examples (3d non stationary analytical solutions) and illustrate the capability of the discrete model to reproduce realistic tsunami waves.
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Contributor : Jacques Sainte-Marie <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 19, 2019 - 10:03:25 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 10:47:20 AM


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Sebastien Allgeyer, Marie-Odile Bristeau, David Froger, Raouf Hamouda, Vincent Jauzein, et al.. Numerical approximation of the 3d hydrostatic Navier-Stokes system with free surface. ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis, EDP Sciences, 2019, 53 (6), ⟨10.1051/m2an/2019044⟩. ⟨hal-01393147v5⟩



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