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Lagrange constraints for transient finite element surface contact

Abstract : A new approach to enforce surface contact conditions in transient non-linear finite element problems is developed in this paper. The method is based on the Lagrange multiplier concept and is compatible with explicit time integration operators. Compatibility with explicit operators is established by referencing Lagrange multipliers one time increment ahead of associated surface contact displacement constraints. However, the method is not purely explicit because a coupled system of equations must be solved to obtain the Lagrange multipliers. An important development herein is the formulation of a highly efficient method to solve the Lagrange multiplier equations. The equation solving strategy is a modified Gauss-Seidel method in which non-linear surface contact force conditions are enforced during iteration. The new surface contact method presented has two significant advantages over the widely accepted penalty function method: surface contact conditions are satisfied more precisely, and the method does not adversely affect the numerical stability of explicit integration. Transient finite element analysis results are presented for problems involving impact and sliding with friction. A brief review of the classical Lagrange multiplier method with implicit integration is also included.
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Nicholas Carpenter, Robert Taylor, Michael Katona. Lagrange constraints for transient finite element surface contact. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Wiley, 1991, 32 (1), pp.103-128. ⟨10.1002/nme.1620320107⟩. ⟨hal-01389918⟩

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