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Analysis of translation using polysome profiling

Abstract : During the past decade, there has been growing interest in the role of translational regulation of gene expression in many organisms. Polysome profiling has been developed to infer the translational status of a specific mRNA species or to analyze the trans-latome, i.e. the subset of mRNAs actively translated in a cell. Polysome profiling is especially suitable for emergent model organisms for which genomic data are limited. In this paper, we describe an optimized protocol for the purification of sea urchin polysomes and highlight the critical steps involved in polysome purification. We applied this protocol to obtain experimental results on translational regulation of mR-NAs following fertilization. Our protocol should prove useful for integrating the study of the role of transla-tional regulation in gene regulatory networks in any biological model. In addition, we demonstrate how to carry out high-throughput processing of polysome gradient fractions, for the simultaneous screening of multiple biological conditions and large-scale preparation of samples for next-generation sequencing.
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 29, 2016 - 7:59:40 AM
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Héloïse Chassé, Sandrine Boulben, Vlad Costache, Patrick Cormier, Julia Morales. Analysis of translation using polysome profiling. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2016, ⟨10.1093/nar/gkw907⟩. ⟨hal-01389711⟩

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