10 Years for Recovery Chinese water deer in Shanghai area

Abstract : Reintroduction projects for recovery of endangered species are widespread, but mostly conducted in wild area, few in urban area. As VU species in IUCN red list and second protected animal, Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis) (CWD) has lived in Shanghai in the history. Evaluate the feasibility and background, CWD reintroduction project launched in Shanghai at 2006. Huaxia park (in Pudong district, Shanghai) was chosen as a plot area to establish release stock, after two year, the deer has not only adapted to the climatic conditions,but also succeeded in reproducing. The stock numbers in Huaxia Park grew from 21 to 51 in the first couple of years; 80.95% of the introduced individuals survived and the survival rate of their offspring was 79.54%. In 2008, Punan Wood land (Songjiang district, Shanghai) was a controllable habitat and was selected for acclimatization. As followed step, Binjiang Park (Pudong District, Shanghai) and Nanhui East shoal (Pudong District, Shanghai) as controllable location and uncontrollable loci for deer releasing in 2009. The population in Binjiang Park is stable and watched by locals and tourists sometimes. The population in Nanhui East Shoal was difficult for monitoring due to the area is opening, but two deer foraging pictures were captured by infrared cameras in 2014. These photographs showed that the released deer in the Nanhui east shoal had survived, and also indicated that the wetland is one of the feasible habitats for release. Continued monitoring will go on and the suitable releasing places need to evaluate. Look into the overall planning scheme of Shanghai ‘Country Park’, a total area of 400 km2 will become country parks with natural design. The important function of these parks is to meet the habitat demand of wildlife in and around the Shanghai city. They will be in the candidate list as potential habitats for Chinese water deer. This project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 31401985); Science and Technology research key projects on agriculture of Shanghai (SH Agriculture (2007), No 3–6); Science and Technology Development Fund of Pudong new district (No. PKJ2006N06). The work was also supported by Shanghai Landscaping and City Appearance Administrative Bureau, Department of Wildlife Protection Administration and WWF Shanghai Office.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 24, 2016 - 7:52:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 25, 2016 - 1:05:22 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-01386927, version 1



Min Chen, Endi Zhang. 10 Years for Recovery Chinese water deer in Shanghai area. Research and methods in ecohealth and conservation, GDRI Ecosystem Health and Environmental Disease Ecology, Nov 2016, Kunming, China. ⟨hal-01386927⟩



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