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La fin de l’ironie. Nature, sexe, féminisme et renouveau essentialiste dans le discours transhumaniste

Abstract : Feminism, as other critical stances, has been regularly used by ideological dynamics which seek more power than emancipation. Through this contribution, I will outline how these reappropriations of feminism within a-critique ideologies are led and how they empty feminism of its resistance and/or emancipative dynamics. I will especially focus on feminism reappropriation in transhumanist discourses to analyse the place dedicated to nature, sex and biology in these discourses. I seek to demonstrate that this feminism-transhumanism alliance is a rhetorical device to provide a critical/emancipatory tone to an ideology of omnipotence. The "beyond biological sex" transhumanist discourse is indeed not an epistemological turn, but rather a naturalising/mechanicist understanding of humans. After an overview of the transhumanist ideology as a philosophy seeking the end of death and thinking human as potentially augmentable, I will focus on the place of sex, gender and feminism within the transhumanist discursive realm, through an analysis of digital texts from the webmagazine Humanity+ and some online videos. I will then explore how this transhumanist torsion of feminism happens. For such a purpose, I will follow Haraway and its cyborg, broadly used in the transhumanist corpus, to show how this reappropriation relies on a confusion between transgression and subversion.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 19, 2016 - 11:50:50 AM
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Julie Abbou. La fin de l’ironie. Nature, sexe, féminisme et renouveau essentialiste dans le discours transhumaniste. Sandra Tomc; Sophie Bailly; Grâce Ranchon. Pratiques et langages du genre et du sexe : déconstruire l'idéologie sexiste du binarisme, EME Éditions, pp.145-180, 2016, 9782806635587. ⟨hal-01382850⟩

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