Quantum walk on a cylinder

Abstract : We consider the two-dimensional alternate quantum walk on a cylinder. We concentrate on the study of the motion along the open dimension, in the spirit of looking at the closed coordinate as a small or " hidden " extra dimension. If one starts from localized initial conditions on the lattice, the dynamics of the quantum walk that is obtained after tracing out the small dimension shows the contribution of several components which can be understood from the study of the dispersion relations for this problem. In fact, these components originate from the contribution of the possible values of the quasimomentum in the closed dimension. In the continuous space-time limit, the different components manifest as a set of Dirac equations, with each quasimomentum providing the value of the corresponding mass. We briefly discuss the possible link of these ideas to the simulation of high-energy physical theories that include extra dimensions. Finally, entanglement between the coin and spatial degrees of freedom is studied, showing that the entanglement entropy clearly overcomes the value reached with only one spatial dimension.
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Contributor : Giuseppe Di Molfetta <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 28, 2016 - 4:57:52 PM
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Luis Bru, German J. de Valcarcel, Giuseppe Di Molfetta, Armando Pérez, Eugenio Roldán, et al.. Quantum walk on a cylinder. Physical Review A, American Physical Society, 2016, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.94.032328⟩. ⟨hal-01373413⟩



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