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The effects of mindfulness training on weight-loss and health-related behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract : The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviors in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (n = 12) were randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of any form of mindfulness training on weight loss, impulsive eating, binge eating, or physical activity participation in adults with overweight and obesity. Random effects meta-analysis revealed that mindfulness training had no significant effect on weight loss, but an overall negative effect on impulsive eating (d = –1.13) and binge eating (d = –.90), and a positive effect on physical activity levels (d = .42). Meta-regression analysis showed that methodological features of included studies accounted for 100% of statistical heterogeneity of the effects of mindfulness training on weight loss (R2 = 1,00). Among methodological features, the only significant predictor of weight loss was follow-up distance from post-intervention ( = 1.18; p < .05), suggesting that the longer follow-up distances were associated with greater weight loss. Results suggest that mindfulness training has short-term benefits on health-related behaviors. Future studies should explore the effectiveness of mindfulness training on long-term post-intervention weight loss in adults with overweight and obesity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 20, 2016 - 4:17:28 PM
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Alexis Ruffault, Sébastien Czernichow, Martin Hagger, Margot Ferrand, Nelly Erichot, et al.. The effects of mindfulness training on weight-loss and health-related behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, Prof. Gary Wittert, Prof. Kuo-Chin Huang, 2016, ⟨10.1016/j.orcp.2016.09.002⟩. ⟨hal-01369225⟩

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