Modelling the spatial patterns of ignition causes and fire regime features in southern France: implications for fire prevention policy

Abstract : A good knowledge of the spatiotemporal patterns of the causes of wildfire ignition is crucial to an efficient fire policy. However, little is known about the situation in southeastern France because the fire database contains unreliable data. We used data for cases with well-established causes from 1973 to 2013 to determine the location of spatial hotspots, the seasonal distribution, the underlying anthropogenic and environmental drivers, and the tendency of five main causes to generate large fires. Anthropogenic ignitions were predominant (88%) near human settlements and infrastructures in the lowlands, whilst lightning-induced fires were more common in the coastal mountains. In densely-populated, urban areas, small summer fires predominate because of the negligence of private individuals around their homes, or accidental ignitions near infrastructures. In rural hinterlands, ignitions due to negligence by professionals generate many medium-sized fires from fall to spring. Intentional and accidental ignitions contribute the most to the total burned area and to large fires. We conclude that socioeconomic factors partially control the fire regime, influencing the timing, spatial distribution and potential size of fires. This improved understanding of why, where and when ignitions occur provides the opportunity for controlling certain causes of ignitions, and adapting French policy to global changes
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International Journal of Wildland Fire, CSIRO Publishing, 2016, 25 (7), pp.785-796. 〈10.1071/WF15205〉
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Soumis le : lundi 19 septembre 2016 - 16:16:01
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 octobre 2018 - 08:25:16

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T. Curt, T. Fréjaville, S. Lahaye. Modelling the spatial patterns of ignition causes and fire regime features in southern France: implications for fire prevention policy. International Journal of Wildland Fire, CSIRO Publishing, 2016, 25 (7), pp.785-796. 〈10.1071/WF15205〉. 〈hal-01368521〉

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