Characterization of surfactant complex mixtures using Raman spectroscopy and signal extraction methods: application to laundry detergent deformulation

Abstract : This paper presents the analysis of surfactants in complex mixtures using Raman spectroscopy combined with signal extraction (SE) methods. Surfactants are the most important component in laundry detergents. Both their identification and quantification are required for quality control and regulation purposes. Several synthetic mixtures of four surfactants contained in an Ecolabel laundry detergent were prepared and analyzed by Raman spectroscopy. SE methods, Independent Component Analysis and Multivariate Curve Resolution, were then applied to spectral data for surfactant identification and quantification. The influence of several pre-processing treatments (normalization, baseline correction, scatter correction and smoothing) on SE performances were evaluated by experimental design. By using optimal pre-processing strategy, SE methods allowed satisfactorily both identifying and quantifying the four surfactants. When applied to the pre-processed Raman spectrum of the Ecolabel laundry detergent sample, SE models remained robust enough to predict the surfactant concentrations with sufficient precision for deformulation purpose. Comparatively, a supervised modeling technique (PLS regression) was very efficient to quantify the four surfactants in synthetic mixtures but appeared less effective than SE methods when applied to the Raman spectrum of the detergent sample. PLS seemed too sensitive to the other components contained in the laundry detergent while SE methods were more robust. The results obtained demonstrated the interest of SE methods in the context of deformulation.
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Article dans une revue
Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 915, pp.36-48. 〈10.1016/j.aca.2016.02.016〉
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Contributeur : Agnès Bussy <>
Soumis le : dimanche 11 septembre 2016 - 13:59:55
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 16:20:35

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Alexandra Gaubert, Yohann Clément, Anne Bonhommé, Benjamin Burger, Delphine Bouveresse, et al.. Characterization of surfactant complex mixtures using Raman spectroscopy and signal extraction methods: application to laundry detergent deformulation . Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 915, pp.36-48. 〈10.1016/j.aca.2016.02.016〉. 〈hal-01363725〉

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