Structure, electrochemical properties and functionalization of amorphous CN films deposited by femtosecond pulsed laser ablation

Abstract : Amorphous carbon nitride (a-C:N) material has attracted much attention in research and development Recently, it has become a more promising electrode material than conventional carbon based electrodes in electrochemical and biosensor applications. Nitrogen containing amorphous carbon (a-C:N) thin films have been synthesized by femtosecond pulsed laser deposition (fs-PLD) coupled with plasma assistance through Direct Current (DC) bias power supply. During the deposition process, various nitrogen pressures (0 to 10 Pa) and DC bias (0 to -350 V) were used in order to explore a wide range of nitrogen content into the films. The structure and chemical composition of the films have been studied by using Raman spectroscopy, electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Increasing the nitrogen pressure or adding a DC bias induced an increase of the N content, up to 21 at%. Nitrogen content increase induces a higher sp(2) character of the film. However DC bias has been found to increase the film structural disorder, which was detrimental to the electrochemical properties. Indeed the electrochemical measurements, investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), demonstrated that a-C:N film with moderate nitrogen content (10 at.%) exhibited the best behavior, in terms of reversibility and electron transfer kinetics. Electrochemical grafting from diazonium salts was successfully achieved on this film, with a surface coverage of covalently bonded molecules close to the dense packed monolayer of ferrocene molecules. Such a film may be a promising electrode material in electrochemical detection of electroactive pollutants on bare film, and of biopathogen molecules after surface grafting of the specific affinity receptor.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01363692
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Submitted on : Sunday, September 11, 2016 - 10:31:25 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 17, 2019 - 12:36:19 PM

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C. Maddi, Florent Bourquard, T Tite, A.-S. Loir, C. Donnet, et al.. Structure, electrochemical properties and functionalization of amorphous CN films deposited by femtosecond pulsed laser ablation. Diamond and Related Materials, Elsevier, 2016, DIAMOND AND RELATED MATERIALS, 65, pp.17-25. ⟨10.1016/j.diamond.2016.01.001⟩. ⟨hal-01363692⟩

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