From unbalanced optimal transport to the Camassa-Holm equation

Abstract : The group of diffeomorphisms of a compact manifold endowed with the L^2 metric acting on the space of probability densities gives a unifying framework for the incompressible Euler equation and the theory of optimal mass transport. Recently, several authors have extended optimal transport to the space of positive Radon measures where the Wasserstein-Fisher-Rao distance is a natural extension of the classical L^2-Wasserstein distance. In this paper, we show a similar relation between this unbalanced optimal transport problem and the Hdiv right-invariant metric on the group of diffeomorphisms, which corresponds to the Camassa-Holm (CH) equation in one dimension. On the optimal transport side, we prove a polar factorization theorem on the automorphism group of half-densities. Geometrically, our point of view provides an isometric embedding of the group of diffeomorphisms endowed with this right-invariant metric in the automorphisms group of the fiber bundle of half densities endowed with an L^2 type of cone metric. This leads to a new formulation of the (generalized) CH equation as a geodesic equation on an isotropy subgroup of this automorphisms group; On S1, solutions to the standard CH thus give particular solutions of the incompressible Euler equation on a group of homeomorphisms of R^2 which preserve a radial density that has a singularity at 0. An other application consists in proving that smooth solutions of the Euler-Arnold equation for the Hdiv right-invariant metric are length minimizing geodesics for sufficiently short times.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
Comments welcome, 28 pages. 2016
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Contributeur : François-Xavier Vialard <>
Soumis le : jeudi 8 décembre 2016 - 00:07:47
Dernière modification le : samedi 18 février 2017 - 01:20:06
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  • HAL Id : hal-01363647, version 2
  • ARXIV : 1609.04006

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Thomas Gallouët, François-Xavier Vialard. From unbalanced optimal transport to the Camassa-Holm equation. Comments welcome, 28 pages. 2016. 〈hal-01363647v2〉

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