Pinning of a renewal on a quenched renewal

Abstract : We introduce the pinning model on a quenched renewal, which is an instance of a (strongly correlated) disordered pinning model. The potential takes value 1 at the renewal times of a quenched realization of a renewal process σ, and 0 elsewhere, so nonzero potential values become sparse if the gaps in σ have infinite mean. The " polymer " – of length σ_N – is given by another renewal τ , whose law is modified by the Boltzmann weight exp(\beta\sum_{n=1}^N 1_{\sigma_n \in \tau}). Our assumption is that τ and σ have gap distributions with power-law-decay exponents 1 + α and 1 + \tilde α respectively, with α ≥ 0, \tilde α > 0. There is a localization phase transition: above a critical value β_c the free energy is positive, meaning that τ is pinned on the quenched renewal σ. We consider the question of relevance of the disorder, that is to know when β c differs from its annealed counterpart β^{ann}_c. We show that β_c = β^{ann}_c whenever α + \tilde α ≥ 1, and β_c = 0 if and only if the renewal τ ∩ σ is recurrent. On the other hand, we show β_c > β^{ann}_c when α + 3 \tilde α/2 < 1. We give evidence that this should in fact be true whenever α + \tilde α < 1, providing examples for all such α, \tilde α of distributions of τ, σ for which β_c > β^{ann}_c. We additionally consider two natural variants of the model: one in which the polymer and disorder are constrained to have equal numbers of renewals (σ_N = τ_N), and one in which the polymer length is τ_N rather than σ_N. In both cases we show the critical point is the same as in the original model, at least when α > 0.
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Contributeur : Quentin Berger <>
Soumis le : vendredi 9 septembre 2016 - 11:33:32
Dernière modification le : mercredi 21 mars 2018 - 18:56:49
Document(s) archivé(s) le : samedi 10 décembre 2016 - 12:38:28


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  • HAL Id : hal-01362825, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1608.03265



Kenneth S. Alexander, Quentin Berger. Pinning of a renewal on a quenched renewal. 2016. 〈hal-01362825〉



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