A Modular System for Global and Local Abnormal Event Detection and Categorization in Videos

Abstract : This paper presents a modular system for both abnormal event detection and categorization in videos. Complementary normalcy models are built both globally at the image level and locally within pixels blocks. Three features are analyzed: 1) spatio-temporal evolution of binary motion where foreground pixels are detected using an enhanced background subtraction method that keeps track of temporarily static pixels, 2) optical flow, using a robust pyramidal KLT technique ; and 3) motion temporal derivatives. At the local level, a normalcy MOG model is built for each block and for each flow feature and is made more compact using PCA. Then, the activity is analyzed qualitatively using a set of compact hybrid histograms embedding both optical flow orientation (or temporal gradient orientation) and foreground statistics. A compact binary signature of maximal size 13 bits is extracted from these different features for event characterization. The performance of the system is illustrated on different datasets of videos recorded on static cameras. The experiments show that the anomalies are well detected even if the method is not dedicated to one of the addressed scenarios.
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Ahmed Chamseddine Ben Abdallah, Michèle Gouiffès, Lionel Lacassagne. A Modular System for Global and Local Abnormal Event Detection and Categorization in Videos. Machine Vision and Applications, Springer Verlag, 2016, Machine Vision and Applications, 27 (4), pp.463-481. ⟨http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00138-016-0752-z⟩. ⟨10.1007/s00138-016-0752-z⟩. ⟨hal-01361132⟩

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