Targeting CD44 receptor-positive lung tumors using polysaccharide-based nanocarriers: Influence of nanoparticle size and administration route

Abstract : New approaches that are more efficient and able to specifically reach lung tumors are needed. We developed new hyaluronan-based nanoparticles targeting CD44 receptors of two different sizes and compared their lung cancer cells targeting efficacy in vitro and in vivo. The nanoparticles' cellular uptake was dose-dependent, and specific to hyaluronan receptors, particularly CD44. The binding and internalization differed according to nanoparticle size. In vivo biodistribution studies in two orthotopic lung tumor models showed that intrapulmonary nebulized nanoparticles accumulated in lungs, but not in the tumor nodules. In contrast, despite a significant liver capture, intravenous injection led to a better accumulation of the nanoparticles in the lung tumors compared with the surrounding healthy lung tissues. We demonstrated that the hyaluronan-based nanoparticles size plays significant role in cellular uptake and biodistribution. Small nanoparticles showed active targeting of CD44-overexpressing tumors, suggesting that they could be used as drug-delivery system. From the Clinical Editor: Combating cancers remains an important goal in clinical medicine. In this study, the authors investigated the ability of two hyaluronan-based nanoparticles targeting CD44 receptors to home in on lung cancer cells in an in-vivo orthotropic model. The preferential uptake of smaller sized nanoparticles via intravenous route has further enhanced the existing knowledge of future drug designs
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01360462
Contributor : Dominique Richard <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 5, 2016 - 6:51:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 12, 2019 - 4:00:20 PM

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Victor Jeannot, Silvia Mazzaferro, Jonathan Lavaud, Laetitia Vanwonterghem, Maxime Henry, et al.. Targeting CD44 receptor-positive lung tumors using polysaccharide-based nanocarriers: Influence of nanoparticle size and administration route . Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, Elsevier, 2016, 12 (4), pp.921-932. ⟨10.1016/j.nano.2015.11.018⟩. ⟨hal-01360462⟩

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