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Use of infrared thermography for the study of evaporation in a square capillary tube

Abstract : In this paper we report experimental results on evaporation of a volatile wetting liquid in a capillary tube of square internal cross section, when conditions are such that liquid films develop along the tube internal corners under the effect of capillary forces, as the bulk meniscus recedes inside the tube. Combining an infrared thermography technique with visualizations by ombroscopy makes it possible to determine the time-space evolution of the temperature minimum on the capillary outer surface together with the bulk meniscus position within the tube. When the tube is held horizontal, the temperature minimum stays at the tube entrance and the evaporation rate reaches a stationary value. In contrast with the horizontal case, the position of the temperature minimum changes when the bulk meniscus has sufficiently receded inside the tube when the tube is vertical and opened at the top. The rate of evaporation then decreases significantly. This is explained by the thinning of the corner films in the vertical tube entrance region, under the conjugated effects of gravity and viscous forces up to the depinning of the films from the tube entrance. When the tube is held horizontal, the capillary effects are dominant and the film thickness remains essentially constant in the tube entrance region. This analysis is supported by a simple model of liquid flow within the corner films.
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Fabien Chauvet, Sébastien Cazin, Paul Duru, Marc Prat. Use of infrared thermography for the study of evaporation in a square capillary tube. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Elsevier, 2010, 53 (9-10), pp.1808-1818. ⟨10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2010.01.008⟩. ⟨hal-01360010⟩

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