Development of a multiple-class analytical method based on the use of synthetic matrices for the simultaneous determination of commonly used commercial surfactants in wastewater by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Abstract : Discharges of surfactants from wastewater treatment plants are often considered as the principal vector of pollution into the environment. The analysis of complex matrices, such as urban wastewater, suspended solids and biological sludge requires careful preparation of the sample to obtain a sensitive, selective and reproducible analysis. A simple, fast, effective and multi-residue method based on the SPE (water) and QuEChERS (solid matrices) approaches using synthetic matrices for validation and quantification, has been developed for the determination of 16 surfactants in wastewater, suspended solids and biological sludge. This work resulted in an innovative method that was validated to detect and assess several classes of surfactants such as quaternary ammonium compounds, betains, alkylphenols and their ethoxylated or sulfated derivatives in urban wastewater and solid matrices. The optimised extraction method exhibited recoveries comprised between 83% and 120% for all the tested compounds in the dissolved matrix and between 50% and 109% for particulate matrix. The limits of quantification of all compounds were comprised between 0.1 and 1.0 mu g/L. for dissolved matrix and between 2 and 1000 ng/g (dry weight) in particulate matrix. Linearity was assessed for all compounds within the [LOQ-250LOQ] range. Confidence intervals were also computed in real matrices with less than 15% margin of error for all studied surfactants. This work has confirmed, first and foremost, that surfactants are indeed highly concentrated in urban wastewater. As expected, linear alkylbenzene sulfonates were present at significant concentrations (up to 1-2 mg/L). In addition, although biological processing results in significant removal of the total pollution, the residual concentrations at output of WWTP remain significant (up to 100 mu g/L)
Document type :
Journal articles
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01356449
Contributor : Agnès Bussy <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 25, 2016 - 5:06:44 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 8, 2018 - 11:10:19 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Alexandre Bergé, Barbara Giroud, Laure Wiest, Bruno Domenjoud, Adriana Gonzalez-Ospina, et al.. Development of a multiple-class analytical method based on the use of synthetic matrices for the simultaneous determination of commonly used commercial surfactants in wastewater by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, 2016, 1450, pp.64-75. ⟨10.1016/j.chroma.2016.04.078⟩. ⟨hal-01356449⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

77