A posteriori assessment of ecotoxicological risks linked to building a hospital

Abstract : Hospital wastewater (HWW) contain a large number of chemical pollutants such as disinfectants, surfactants, and pharmaceutical residues. A part of these pollutants is not eliminated by traditional urban wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), leading to a risk for the aquatic ecosystems receiving these effluents. In order to assess this risk, we formulated a specific methodology based on the ecotoxicological characterisation of the hospital wastewater using a battery of three chronic bioassays (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, Heterocypris incongruens and Brachionus calyciflorus). We used it for the posteriori risk assessment of a hospital recently built in south-east France, and we studied the evolution of this risk during two years. We also used it to assess the decrease of the ecotoxicological risk after treatment of the effluent in a specific line of the local WWTP. Lastly, we compared these results with the risk assessment made before the building of the hospital in the context of a priori risk assessment. The results obtained showed an important evolution of the risk overtime, according to the hospital activities and the river flows, and a real decrease of the risk after treatment in the dedicated line. They also showed that the a priori assessment of ecotoxicological risks, made previously, was overstated, mainly because of the application of the precautionary principle.
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Article dans une revue
Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2016, 144, pp.440-445. 〈10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.075〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01356431
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Soumis le : jeudi 25 août 2016 - 16:42:12
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 17:12:33

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Yves Perrodin, Christine Bazin, Frédéric Orias, Adriana Wigh, Thérèse Bastide, et al.. A posteriori assessment of ecotoxicological risks linked to building a hospital. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2016, 144, pp.440-445. 〈10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.075〉. 〈hal-01356431〉

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